This step determines the nature and scope of the project. All the basic elements of the project like requirements analysis and feasibility, review of current operations, goals are determined. It is the most crucial stage and if performed incorrectly, results in the failure of the whole project. This stage basically helps to plan time, cost, and resource during the course of the development.
Risk planning is also performed to effectively tackle uncertainties. These processes verify and validate the activities and their sequence and timelines with the project plan. The quality of activities is also considered here.
Administrative and other formal activities are performed to release the product to the end-user or client after thorough testing. Different project management approaches are designed for easily carrying out the different process in a planned way for accomplishing all the requirements.
Each approach have key feature of its own which keeps the activities in sync with the project plan. Some project management approaches are: This approach is the most basic approach in project management. It is quite similar to the waterfall model in software development services.
All the five processes are executed in sequence, with the extension of recursive-ness of a few processes to support the development cycle. It is a structured approach for project management introduced in Each specified process in this approach, has its key input and output with the associated activities to be performed and specified goals of those activities.
Processes are divided into manageable stages and close monitoring of each stage results in an organized and controlled rolling out of activities. This approach to project management is based on the concept of lean-manufacturing.
Lean-manufacturing is centered on the elimination of wastage in order to minimize the cost of production and hence improving the quality of the product. It has a key feature of identifying and managing events and event chains which affects the schedule of the projects.
However, it is not necessary that all the project management methodologies work well. In the dynamic industry environment, the basic aim of any project management strategy is to accomplish a task. However, it should be within the allocated budget and time while maintaining the quality of the final product.
A Programme is more than one project that is managed jointly to provide better management overview. These project may contain ongoing operations as well as repetitive undertakings. Question 2 The Project Life Cycle has been divided into 4 basic phases: Project Initiation The Initiation Phase is the backbone of the project where goals is set in the life-cycle.
In this phase a challenge or an opportunity is identified and solution options are presented. A feasibility study will be conducted to identify the correct solution for the project. The solution needs to be approved and the project are initialized. A Project Manager is appointed and the objectives, scope and structure of the new project is outlined in the Project Charter.
The project team and environment is established to head the project. The Planning phase involves the creation of a set of planning documents witch will guide the project team through the project. It identifies the Work Breakdown Structure WBS of phases, activities, tasks, dependencies and timeframes to be under taken to complete the project. This would be the total cost of labour, equipment, materials.
Quality Assurance and Quality Control are implemented to make sure that the level of quality is achieved. Project Execution In the Execution phase the project team create the physical project deliverables outlined by the project plan. A range of management processes are implemented to monitor and control the outcome of the project. Once all deliverables have been produced and accepted and signed off by the customer, the project is ready for closure Project Closure The Closure phase ensure that the project criteria have been fully satisfied.
These strategies will lately make the organization more competitive. Cleland thinks that the formation of a team is a very important phase in the introduction of a project in any organization. An incorrect selection of team members may lead to an unproductive activity, holding up the rest of the structural formations of the project. The integration of the teams and maintenance of interpersonal positive dynamic perfectly suits the strategic plan of any organization using project management as their ruling principle.
The teams in the huge block the form have to be in constant change and improvement, using as many resources as they can, especially including critical resources. The culture of an organization as a whole gets definite benefits from using the team-structure.
On one hand it gives every employee the opportunity to reveal himself within him team, and constantly move if not vertically, but at least horizontally. On the other hand it endures the commitment to the organization and therefore increases its productivity supported with milestone goal achievement and the phased control. According to Cleland, the implementation of the project management is a very wide process. It primarily deals with choosing a goal, planning the work and executing it.
The growth of an organization may have certain risks if the organization does not really posses the required resources at the time of the primary implementation period and the final product is not at a sufficient demand among the customers of the company. The organization, in the opinion of Cleland has to be able at any time to supports strategic goals with all the required resources.
The project has to provide something unique in order to completely achieve. Project management means making the right decisions in the right moment at the minimum possible cost. Such companies as Microsoft, General Motors, Daimler Chrysler and many other organizations have already implemented the project management system.
The results speak for themselves. A clear stating of the goal, right planning and scrupulous execution lead to a successful achievement of all the tasks and milestone goals. The presence of these milestone goals in its place becomes on the most important controlling tasks of project management implementation.
The last important issue to mention concerning the book is the project risk. Project risk is designed for the prevention of an undesired outcome of a project. The management of the risk becomes the key of the control over the uncertainty in the project.
It evaluates the possible risk of the project and prevents it even before the critical situation may occur and is always based on definite facts and their analysis. This is often done through the standard risk model. It analyses the possible risk event and its possible impact with total loss of the organization. So, mainly it deals with the identification of risks using numerous professional tools such as: Generally speaking project management is a great substitution to any management model existing in the contemporary society.
The constant changing enviroment strongly demands new techniques of management. The model offered by Cleland has a primary goal of doing the best for the development of any project through the cooperation of various departments of the organization.
The main focus of the book is the teamwork and strategic planning. According to the book the right and appropriate strategy and structure of an organizaion can be a guarantee of the best possible result. Nevertheless, project management is not only about techniques. It is about converting an organization in one solid formation, one being, that will exist and function for the sake of all of its components. Our society desperately needs a decent enviroment for the implementation of project management.
And as Cleland states the strategic context of project management, project governance and the proper organizational design will help it a lot. Periodic risk monitoring also supports this whole system of tools, decreasing the possibility of getting an undesirable result to its minimum.
How to write an essay Types of Essay. Essay Examples New Essay Examples. Example of a Argumentative essay on Management about: How to write a Argumentative Essay.
The problem of implementing the main strategies of project management.
Database of FREE project management essays - We have thousands of free essays across a wide range of subject areas. Sample project management essays!
Project Management Essay Examples. 24 total results. Project Management and The Tasks of a Project Manager. 1, words. 4 pages. A Culture Analysis of a Project Management. 1, words. 4 pages. Project Management and the Use of the Internet. words. 1 page. An Analysis of the Stages of Business Project Management.
A Survey of Project Management Websites - This assignment calls for an internet search of four project management-related terms and a summarization of three websites regarding one of these topics as well as the Project Management Institute’s website. management methods when looking at technical approaches to a project. Within this essay, I have examined the various merits of pattern-based and more traditional methods to project management, which has led towards several conclusions.
Search to find a specific project management essay or browse from the list below: Scottish Architecture Building The Scottish Parliament Building- A report into Project Failure Introduction Sitting within the UNESCO World Heritage site, the new home to the Scottish Parliament in Holyrood. Project management is one of the most important and critical tool or technique, which defines the entire course of development of any kind of project. Project management works as an ignition for the chain reaction of the whole development cycle.