The purpose of those methods is to convert the inputs which include materials, labors, capital requirement, and information into outputs that include value added products, goods and services. Managing the operations of an organization increases the level of efficiency, simultaneously; it gives you an idea how an organization can work more effectively McNamara, Categories Aggregate Planning Facility Decisions: Operational management is a part of management that has four main functions which include planning, organizing, leading and controlling.
Planning is a process which involves categorizing a goal and defines the best possible way how to achieve that goal. Organization is a function which involves how one can effectively distribute the resources among the employees and how one can implement the plan by using their employees.
Leading is also a function of the management, which includes governing of plan by communicating, motivating, and inspiring their employees. Controlling is a function that includes evaluation of a plan, whether it is going in a right direction or we have to do some modification in a plan to do it in the right way.
Basically, there are four main dimensions of operations management, which include finance, customers, internal processes and learning and innovations. All these dimensions of operations management are the result of the research of Robert S. Kaplan and David P. The ultimate aim of all the businesses is to earn the profit as much as they can earn that is why finance is considered as the crucial dimension of any business.
Sometimes the businesses can outsource some of their value chain activities which give them some benefit on the other hand that will create the value in the product. Businesses cannot run without the customers, as they are the major stakeholders of a business. The aims of the managers of an organization are to maximize the flow of customer in an organization by their goods and services which the customer is using. It is necessary for the marketing department to target the right audience or who actually in need of our product.
Eventually, by doing this it will increase the flow of customers in the organization. Internal processes refer to the tools and techniques by which an organization can carry out their business practices in a manner that will convert their inputs into outputs. Furthermore, the manager has the responsibility to design the process in a manner, which minimizes the level of cost that can occur in designing a product and maximize the level of profits by increasing the level of efficiency.
Internal processes include production, shipping, quality assurance activities etc. Learning and innovations are always helping you in improving business processes. Without learning from past experiences, whether it is good or bad it may help one to achieve success in the future. Simultaneously, innovation is also important for the business otherwise one will lose their identity. Innovation can give a competitive edge while doing the business because the customers who are using the products after sometime demands for the change in the product otherwise they will get bored from the product.
Operations management is a method to achieve the key objectives of the businesses by increasing the level of efficiency in the business which means to reduce the cost of input and increase the level of profits and gain a competitive edge in the industry compared to their competitors. The primary advantage of the operation management is its increase the business revenues by cutting down the cost of production of goods.
By producing and selling the goods at a low price, it increases the satisfaction level of a customer. By getting all those advantages, an organization can build a structure that will lead the organization towards profitability and help it to produce its products and provide them a chance to become a market leader.
This type of working leads the teams towards the success and the team is known as a successful team. The problem started when the departments of an organization who are following an operational plan are failing to communicate with each other. This happened because the lack of communication between the departments, inefficient resources of an organization, political fights is prevailing between the employees of the organization.
All those weaknesses represent the flaws in the operational plan of an organization. We can also observe that when each department of an organization puts their utmost efforts only for their benefits, then the actual goal is lost and ultimately the operation becomes useless.
Operation management comprises of the different fields of management such as products and service management, supply chain management , quality management, inventory management and a few others. All the given fields of the management are directly or indirectly linked with the management of operations.
Some of the fields which are the part of operations management are listed below:. Management of products and services include the activities that can manage the product or services of an organization.
The activities include creation, designing, manufacturing, distribution and sales of a product or services. In all of the activities, the first activity is named as the idea of a product.
Second is product development, then the third is production of a product and in the last is the distribution of a product. Moreover, promotion is done through advertising and then sales and services. Quality management is one of the essential elements of operations management. It takes place when an organization is in the phase of finished their products and services and they are ready to transfer it to their customer. Quality management is a process of evaluating the quality of a goods or services provided by the manufacturer to the users.
There are some standards of quality measurement set by the higher authorities due to which the manufacturer can ensure the quality of a goods or services whether it is acceptable or not. ISO is the international standard to measure the quality. It has an instruction that helps an organization to achieve the quality of ISO Total quality management is also known as the TQM, which involves the process of continuous improvement which fulfill the needs of the customers. In the industry of manufacturing, the operations that are included in the production management includes plan, design, process, and control of a product.
The control of a product include quality and capacity of a product as well as the managing of a workforce in an organization. Machines is defined as the equipment and tool that are used in production of a product.
Men are the workforce of a production system. Materials are the resources or ingredients; whereas the methods are the processes are used in order to develop a product. In addition, money is a cash required to run the production processes. Moreover, the process is used to manage the production such as observation, analysis, corrective actions, and evaluations. The observation process is defined as the measurement of the output, as well as the recording of the idle and downtime of the production.
The process of analysis includes the comparison of the progress of a production with the predefined plan. In the present systems of production a number of researches have taken continuously to arrive at efficient production systems. This has created many theories that govern the subject of operations management. Lean manufacturing production systems gave the concept of operations management the required edge that made the more scientific.
The production concept was launched in the manufacturing plant of Toyota the Japanese automobile giant. Operations management refers to developing processes, methods and applications that can be applied to problems and bottlenecks in production or manufacturing process.
Students often have to learn difficult concepts and analytical methods in solving complex operations management problems. The problems could be related to supply chains, labour issues, manufacturing bottlenecks, inventory management, facility location, procurement of raw materials and its optimum utilization etc. Students face great deal of difficulties in solving operation management questions which requires analytical thinking and right approach.
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Students seeking help with operations management assignment can contact us to get in touch with our highly experienced operations management assignment tutors. We provide operations management assignment help in various topics like manufacturing and service operations, operations strategy, product design, process selection, total quality management, quality control, capacity planning, facility location and layout, supply chain management, inventory management and operations research.
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Operations management is a niche of management focused on managing the procedures and developing of production and revamping service operations in the production of services or products. It includes the obligation of guaranteeing that service operations are effective in regards to utilization of resources. To fulfill our tutoring mission of online education, our college homework help and online tutoring centers are standing by 24/7, ready to assist college students who need homework help with all aspects of operations management. Our business tutors can help with all your projects, large or small, and we challenge you to find better operations management tutoring anywhere.
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