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Economic Development vs the Environment

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❶Obviously the world would be better if all nations stuck to strict environmental rules. Distinctive agricultural landscapes bring tourism dollars into communities.

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economic planning vs environmental conservation
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In reality, it is the awareness and a bit of effort on our part that can save many trees and animals on this planet. Even a simple act of planting and nurturing a sapling holds great importance in the process of environmental conservation. Such kind of efforts need to be concentrated in order to bring about a bigger and long-lasting change. The following paragraphs throw light on different aspects of the economy vs.

Let us start with the topic of environmental ethics. Before getting into the details of environmental ethics, one must be aware about globalization and its impact on the environment to get a better idea of the subject. Industrialists believe that economic progress gets hampered by putting restrictions on the way their operations are conducted. Environmentalists, on the other hand, demand for impractical rules and regulations to be put on working of industries.

The details on these arguments can be found below. It is actually possible to keep the economy in good shape without harming the environment.

More than relying on temporary solutions like issuing monetary packages to solve environmental problems, it is the conscientious approach towards sustainable development that can lead to a better and also an economically prosperous world. Merely imposing rules and setting guidelines won't go a long way in the quest to conserve the environment. It requires a voluntary change in the mindset of people towards judicious use of natural resources.

People should actually start thinking about the environment and surroundings as their own property. Only then, can a person truly care about nature.

Following such ethics can definitely bring about a positive change. Few of our environmentalists take an extreme view on the subject of conservation and oppose any and every developmental activity. Such kind of attitude not only blocks the economic progress, but also prevents a reasoned dialog on environmental issues from taking place. No matter how hard we try, there is little possibility that we can completely repair the damage caused to our environment. It is therefore, necessary to become a little more pragmatic.

You cannot change the established economic policies and systems overnight. It is however, possible to change our outlook towards the way we go about economic development. The developmental policies should be all-encompassing. Merely human-centric development won't help much in the long run and which is why we have to question the prevalent economic policies that revolve only around human welfare. The next paragraph deals with this crucial aspect of the economy vs. There is a section of people who believe that natural resources of this planet are meant for human use.

Environmentalists oppose this view and demand for keeping human intrusion out of the working of nature's laws. Let us find out more on this important point.

The theory of anthropocentrism considers human beings as the most important entity of the world. It is true that humans are placed at a higher intellectual level than other organisms of the planet; however, this intelligence also acts as a double-edged sword. If used properly, the intellect of humans can allow economic progress while still preserving the environment.

On the other hand, it can also cause uncontrolled economic development to take place at the cost of precious natural resources. Considering ourselves humans as a part of the ecosystem and not the masters can help in bringing about a positive change. With this approach, one can think about caring more for the environment. Humans are not here to rule this planet, but to live in harmony with the environment and all its constituents. It is only with this belief that we can think of maintaining a balance in terms of utilizing and also replenishing at least to some extent the natural resources.

Our knowledge about the environment, nature's phenomena and their effect on human life has increased manifold in the past few years. This very knowledge has also made us aware that we have earlier caused some irreparable damage to our natural surroundings. Thousands of wild animals are used in the testing of cosmetic products; a large number of wild animal species have become extinct due to poaching. Many more are on the verge of extinction. Thus, it is very much important to take steps for economic development, considering its impact on the environment.

Uncontrolled economic development neither benefits the humans nor does it serve any purpose in the conservation of environment.

It is therefore, important to design systems that are self-sustaining. Proper planning on economic fronts can help utilize resources in a better manner; such carefully devised policies won't hamper economic development as well.

So, let us get into the details of sustainability through the following paragraph. In the end, it all comes down to maintaining a balance between economic growth and preserving natural resources. By maintaining the balance between consuming and replenishing back the natural resources, we can create a self-sustaining system. However, it would be a continual process that requires monitoring in order to function properly. It is said that the way you spend your money matters more than the amount you earn.

Environmental planning is the process of facilitating decision making to carry out land development with the consideration given to the natural environment, social, political, economic and governance factors and provides a holistic framework to achieve sustainable outcomes.

A major goal of environmental planning is to create sustainable communities, which aim to conserve and protect undeveloped land. Environmental planning concerns itself with the decision making processes where they are required for managing relationships that exist within and between natural systems and human systems. Environmental planning endeavors to manage these processes in an effective, orderly, transparent and equitable manner for the benefit of all constituents within such systems for the present and for the future.

Present day environmental planning practices are the result of continuous refinement and expansion of the scope of such decision making processes. Some of the main elements of present-day environmental planning are:. The environmental planning assessments encompass areas such as land use, socio-economics , transportation , economic and housing characteristics, air pollution , noise pollution , the wetlands , habitat of the endangered species , flood zones susceptibility, coastal zones erosion , and visual studies among others, and is referred to as an Integrated environmental planning assessment.

In the United States, for any project, environmental planners deal with a full range of environmental regulations from federal to state and city levels, administered federally by the Environmental Protection Agency. Depending on the scale and impact of the project, an extensive environmental review is known as an Environmental Impact Statement EIS , and the less extensive version is Environmental Assessment EA. Eccleston has developed a set of tools and techniques for solving NEPA and environmental planning problems.

The Association of Environmental Professionals AEP is a non-profit organization of interdisciplinary professionals including environmental science, resource management, environmental planning and other professions contributing to this field.

AEP is the first organization of its kind in the USA, and its influence and model have spawned numerous other regional organizations throughout the United States. Its mission is to improve the technical skills of members, and the organization is dedicated to "the enhancement, maintenance and protection of the natural and human environment". From inception in the mids the organization has been closely linked with the maintenance of the California Environmental Quality Act CEQA , due to California being one of the first states to adopt a comprehensive legal framework to govern the environmental review of public policy and project review.

The law defines Environmental Planning as "a multi-disciplinary art and science of analyzing, specifying, clarifying, harmonizing, managing and regulating the use and development of land and water resources , in relation to their environs, for the development of sustainable communities and ecosystems. An Environmental Planner is a person who is registered and licensed to practice environmental planning and who holds a valid Certificate of Registration and a valid Professional Identification Card from the Board of Environmental Planning and the Professional Regulation Commission of the Republic of the Philippines.

Areas of competency for planners are:. There is a current move to require in five years time the Bachelor of Science in Environmental Planning as a requisite for one to be a licensed environmental planner. Environmental planning policies vary from state to state. The incorporation of environmental considerations in land-use planning in Australia began after the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment in Stockholm, Sweden in One of the key principles developed in reference to planning and human activity was:.

Principle 13 In order to achieve a more rational management of resources and thus to improve the environment, States should adopt an integrated and coordinated approach to their development planning so as to ensure that development is compatible with the need to protect and improve environment for the benefit of their population.

Previous to this conference the United States Congress passed National Environmental Policy Act , which created a process whereby government agencies were required to publicly state and justify the environmental impacts of their development proposals by preparing an Environmental Impact Statement EIS. The EIS structure was further developed by Burchell and Listokin , and this approach has informed the development of environmental impact regulation worldwide Beer , and resulted in the development of legislation within several Australian states.

In NSW the first attempt to incorporate environmental assessment and protection into planning law began in with the appointment of a Planning and Environment Commission to overhaul the existing predominately urban land-use system.

Significant projects require a more thorough Environmental Impact Assessment with a corresponding greater public scrutiny. Concurrent with this development was the establishment of a parallel legal system, the Land and Environment Court, to arbitrate disputes.

The Environment Effects Act was the first environmental planning control in Victoria, and it assessed the environmental impact of significant developments via an Environmental Effects Statement EES. However the obligation for presenting an EES remained somewhat unclear and is ultimately at the discretion of the Minister for Planning Eccles and Bryant To achieve these ends, the VPP includes several overarching policy frameworks, including the identification of important environmental values and assets, such as 'protection of catchments, waterways and groundwater', 'coastal areas' and 'Conservation of native flora and fauna'.

Below this level, local planning schemes identify land-uses through Zone designation, and also identify land affected by other criteria, called 'overlays'. Overlays include environmental parameters such as 'Environmental Significance', 'Vegetation Protection', 'Erosion Management' and 'Wildfire Management', but also social issues like 'Neighbourhood Character'.

Below this again are various regulations on particular issues, such as details pertaining to regulation of areas of Native Vegetation DSE Victoria.

Reform has occurred to the Victorian framework in recent years aimed at improving land use and transport outcomes including consideration of environmental impacts. The Transport Integration Act [6] identifies key planning agencies as interface bodies required to have regard to a vision for the transport system and objectives and decision making principles if decisions are likely to have a significant impact on Victoria's transport system.

In addition, the Major Transport Projects Facilitation Act [7] establishes a scheme to improve the approval and delivery of major rail, road and ports projects. Planning in South Australia is coordinated within the Development Act Under this law most urban and land-use planning is assessed against local plans of allowed development.

The Minister must declare a proposed development either 'Major Development' or a 'Major Project' for it to be subjected to greater depth of environmental assessment and public consultation, via an independent Development Assessment Commission of experts. Complex proposals will generally require an indepth EIS. The Integrated Planning Act [8] vested most planning control with local government, but required 'significant projects' to be assessed by a State Coordinator General and usually required an environmental impact statement EIS.

This has been replaced by the Sustainable Planning Act [10] which came into force 18 December This law aims to 'improve sustainable environmental outcomes through streamlined processes', and incorporates Statewide, Regional and local planning hierarchies, which follow the model of Victoria's VPP.

The Coordinator General may still declare projects to be 'significant projects' which then require assessment under the State Development and Public Works Organisation Act Qld. Over the past decade the European Union has given the environmental more attention with more strict legislation on such issues as air , soil , and water pollution as well regulations for toxic and hazardous substances. The EU has three core objectives to help achieve this vision: Environmental planning qualifications are offered in a number of forms by various universities throughout the world.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The examples and perspective in this article deal primarily with Australia and do not represent a worldwide view of the subject. You may improve this article , discuss the issue on the talk page. August Learn how and when to remove this template message. Air quality Biogeochemistry Conservation development Eco-sufficiency Ecology Environmental design Disaster mitigation Landscape planning List of environmental issues List of environmental organizations List of planning journals Natural landscape Environmental noise Sustainable habitat Smart growth The Merton Rule Triad environmental science Timeline of environmental events Transition Towns Urban design Water Quality.

The elements of a new paradigm". Journal of Planning Literature.


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