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# How to Calculate Long Term Debt

## Initial Entry

❶Any amount to be repaid after 12 months is kept as a long-term liability.

## BREAKING DOWN 'Current Maturity'   Potential investors can determine a company's risk exposure by calculating the long term debt to capitalization ratio. Calculate the current or short term portion of the debt by adding up the principal payments due each month during the company's fiscal year.

Deduct this total from the total balance of the debt and enter it in the current liabilities section of the balance sheet. The account for this current portion is usually named Current or Short term portion of note or loan payable. Post the remaining portion of the debt in the long term liabilities section of the balance sheet. This account is usually named Long term portion of note or loan payable. Each subsequent year, the short term portion of the debt is deducted from the total loan balance and moved to the current liabilities section of the balance sheet.

As payments are made, the cash account decreases but the liability side decreases an equivalent amount. If the new credit taken on is long term, the current debt is effectively rolled into the future. From a cash flow perspective, there is no impact on whether debt is classified as a current liability or non-current liability. In financial modeling , it may be necessary to produce a full set of financial statements, including a balance sheet where the current portion of long term debt is shown separately.

This is simply to tie the numbers to what the accountant will produce. There is no impact on valuation by how the debt is categorized. To keep learning and developing your knowledge we highly recommend these additional resources.

For accrual bonds and zero-coupon bonds , the maturity date is the day when bond investors receive the principal plus any accrued interest on the bond.

There are different types of maturities that investors use when referring to bonds. The "original maturity" is the time between the issue date and the maturity date. An investor that purchases a bond on its issuance date will be quoted the original maturity. The current maturity is how much time is left before the bond matures and is retired from the market.

Investors who purchase bonds after the issuance dates of the bonds typically look to the current maturity in order to value the bond. The bond was originally issued in with a maturity date in The current maturity of the bond is 12 years, calculated as the time difference between and , although the original maturity is 20 years.

As the number of years go by, the current maturity will decrease until it becomes zero on the maturity date. For instance, in , the current maturity will be 5 years. The longer the time until maturity, the more interest payments that can be expected. ## Main Topics

Current portion of long-term debt (CPLTD) refers to the section of a company's balance sheet that records the total amount of long-term debt that must be paid within the current year. For example, if a company owes a total of \$,, and \$20, of it is due and must be paid off in the current year, it records \$80, as long-term debt and \$20, as CPLTD.

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Definition of current maturity of long-term debt: The amount of money to be received after obligations have been paid towards the principal amount on the loan.