Are governmental initiatives effective to curb drinking? If not all, then which ones? Are pricing initiatives effective as they have it in Norway, where a bottle of beer costs you an arm and a leg? There are still circles where the consumption of alcohol is an integral part of the negotiation process. Can alcohol be withdrawn from such circles without dealing harm? The offenders are often let off the hook due to their alcohol intoxication and thus inability to evaluate the situation correctly.
Should we reconsider the responsibility for committing a felony while drunk? The obvious division in attitude towards people of different classes who committed crimes under the influence, i. The debate is hot on whether alcoholism is a crime or a disease that should be treated. Where does the responsibility end and addiction begin? How should alcoholics be treated — physically or mentally first?
People often think that having a beer every day is fine as long as it is not something stronger. Yet the effect of regular mild drinking is just as bad as getting completely drunk on stronger drinks.
What other misconceptions exist that concern alcoholic drinks, the culture of drinking, its influence on the state of health, etc.? This is hardly a new area of study, but it offers some freedom of interpretation. Also there is a usual abstainer, which may drink when they fell uncomfortable not drinking.
The light drinker drinks occasionally but in small amounts. There is also an occasional abuser that drinks with a full purpose of getting drunk Grosshandler, , p.
The main question people have is why drink. There are many reasons why people drink. Here are a few of them to feel good, fear, relieve anxiety, tradition, hurt, peer pressure, relax, feel mature and angry Grosshandler, , p. Those are just a few of the basic reasons people drink. Alcoholism is a disease that affects millions Wekesser, , p.
Yet all the efforts to stop alcohol abuse are unsuccessful. Many people associate alcohol with a good time. Raising of the glasses is mankinds oldest ritual Gibbons, , p. Even though alcohol costs are measured up in deaths, dollars, and crime Welin, , p. It is a chronic disease with an unknown biological or genetic cause Wekesser, , p. Alcoholics Anonymous was established in the United States in Alcoholics Anonymous is the number one treatment of alcoholism Wekesser, , p.
Alcoholics Anonymous has a very affective twelve-step program Wekesser, , p. Chronic Alcohol Abuse damages almost every part of the body Monroe, , p.
Chronic Alcohol Abuse can cause severe and permanent damage to the brain Monroe, , p. It also degenerates, scars and can set the heart off beat Monroe, , p. Chronic Alcohol Abuse may also cause Fatty liver, Hepatitis, and cirrhosis liver diseases. Fatty Liver Disease builds up fat in liver so it cannot process food but will heal over time.
Hepatitis Liver Disease is a painful inflammation of the liver that can heal if drinking stops. Cirrhosis liver disease is fatal and permanently kills liver cells Monroe, , p. It can cause inflammation the pancreatitis Monroe, ,p.
It decreases the activity of the immune system increasing the risk of cancer in the throat, mouth, liver, and bladder Monroe, , p. There are many methods of treating alcoholism or Chronic Alcohol Abuse. There are a vast variety of inpatient and outpatient programs today but abstinence from alcohol is required in all of them http: The main factors in success are maintaining a healthy diet, exercise and positive work patterns http: Crisis intervention services take place in hospitals.
This is treatment for overdoses on drugs and alcohol where people stay for a few days then move to counseling Monroe, , p. Residential treatment programs will remove the person from their home and move them to a new location. Here the people learn about the consequences of their drunken actions. These treatments take from two to twelve months. Many programs help build self-esteem and trust in others Monroe, , p. Day treatment programs are so you can work counseling into schedule.
It lasts for two to twenty four months Monroe, , p. They provide a wide range of services Monroe, , p. On the central nervous system, alcohol acts as a sedative.
Large amounts of alcohol can cause respiratory failure, coma and death. Impaired vision, hearing, and motor skills also occur. The drinker may also experience numbness and tingling in the arms and legs caused by nerve damage. This results in the staggering walk often seen coming out of bars. Heavy drinking also has damaging effects on the stomach and intestinal system. Irritation of the stomach lining can cause peptic ulcers, bleeding lesions and cancer.
Blood loss causes loss of iron, which can cause irritability, lack of energy, headaches and dizziness. Risk of pancreatitis is also increased. Other effects of alcohol abuse include irritation of the intestinal tract lining and the colon; nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, sweating and loss of appetite; and increase in blood pressure, risk of heart attack and stroke.
These symptoms develop over time. Alcoholism, however, can begin to develop after the first drink. There are many reasons why people start drinking, such as to increase self-confidence, relieve stress, escape from personal problems, overcome shyness, or to overcome a poor self-image. Abuse of alcohol is defined as the use of alcohol interfering with physical, social, academic, or economic functioning. The first stage of alcoholism involves the use of alcoholism as a way to deal with other problems.
The abuser will drink more than the average amount and is usually preoccupied with partying or going out socially to drink. The drinker will usually deny that a problem exists. The second stage of alcohol abuse begins to interfere with daily activities like work.
The drinker finds it typically hard to get through the day without a drink. It also becomes difficult to get the same good feelings from drinking, so more alcohol is consumed. The drinker will start drinking alone and in secret.
Ambition and drive are lost and interest in family and friends goes away. This leads to the third stage where the alcoholism takes over. The drinker lives for alcohol and nothing else. They experience loneliness and continue to drink even with disastrous results, including financial and personal problems.
Alcoholism is the most serious form of alcohol abuse. Once the drinker reaches this stage, serious treatment should be considered. By tracing the steps leading to alcoholism, it is natural to ask what causes the alcoholic to pick up a drink in the first place. Of course, it is the own personal responsibility of each individual who chooses to ingest alcohol.
There are however, outside influences that can effect that decision. The power of the media and the messages it sends out can influence any impressionable person, especially teenagers, to consume alcohol. Characters in film and TV are seen smoking and drinking all the time. Signs and advertisements for alcohol use fun animals to pitch the drink, or they show a drinker looking sexy and cool.
If everyone is doing it and having fun, then everyone else should do it too. That is the message advertisers want the teenager to pick up. Advertisers leave out the negative information on alcohol on purpose. As a result, teenagers often do not know what the health risks are when they use alcohol.
A study done by Washington drug and alcohol officials in showed that the media has major influences in all outlets. On the other hand, negative effects of drinking were only shown in half of the movies and only one-fifth of the songs.
American consumers are heavy consumers of movies, music and TV. So the government is targeting the entertainment and advertising industries in order to change the positive image of alcohol being put out.
Anti-alcohol propaganda has proven to be not very effective. Advertisements promoting alcohol usually make you want to try the product. The ads convince the drinker to buy alcohol so they can feel glamorous, powerful and successful. The ads also use status symbols like cars, jewelries and mansions so that everyone will believe they can have the same lifestyle as long as they buy their products.
Visual propaganda is very powerful. Unfortunately, people fall for it many times. Often times bloody pictures of drunk-driving car accidents are shown. Images of badly torn up bodies can persuade someone to stop drinking for the moment.
While the bloody pictures may make the drinker think twice, the effects are not huge in preventing alcoholism. A lot of the anti-alcohol propaganda is about driving drunk.
Drinking and driving is a combination that leads to horrible accidents. Driving while under the influence is a serious concern that has gained more and more attention.
According to the U. Surgeon General, the leading cause of death for year olds is drunk driving. Getting behind the wheel puts in danger not only the driver who is drunk, but any passengers and non-drinking bystanders as well.
The government and police force have come up with several ways to prevent drinking and driving. One of the methods is through a blood test. This is the most difficult one to carry out because it usually requires the person to go to a hospital after being pulled over by the police. Another test police administer is a breathalyzer test.
The policeman will make the driver breath into a tube that is able to read the level of alcohol in the blood. This is a valuable test because the police are able to do it as soon as they pull over the drunk driver. The third test is less scientific. The police have the drunk driver attempt to walk a straight line and then cross their legs in the format of a number four. If they have been drinking, then they will be unable to stand up straight, their eyes will be redder, and they will lose their balance.
Even though there should be more tests and more instructive propaganda on the subject of drinking and driving, the steps policemen take now do help to save lives.
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At first, alcohol allows the drinker to feel quite pleasant, with no emotional costs. As an individual’s drinking progresses, however, it takes more and more alcohol to achieve the same high. Eventually the high is hardly present. How Common is Alcoholism? Alcoholism is a complex disease, which has been misunderstood and stigmatized. - Alcoholism Introduction I chose to do a research paper on Alcoholism due to the overwhelming effects and dependency that so many people suffer through this addiction or disease. It is alarming to find out that so many Americans have become so dependent upon alcohol.
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