Proponents of affirmative action believe that it helps to increase the benefits of diversity in all sectors of society, as well as to compensate for damage caused discrimination. Some argument for affirmative action are: Compensatory justice demands affirmative action programs. It is necessary to permit fairer competition. Shaw, The main objection is that positive discrimination, according to opponents, is in fact nothing more than a tool of infringing on the rights of the majority in favor of minorities.
Opponents of affirmative action argue that it reduces the value of the achievements of the individual, assessing the achievement of the principle of membership in a particular social group, rather than his qualifications.
For example, the achievement of minority representatives in the eyes of society are not significant, perceived as the result not of their own efforts, but only due to the provided benefits.
Instead of simply making previously victimised minorities equal in law, affirmative action aimed to give them preferential treatment with the intention of reversing the effects of decades of discrimination. The basis of the law was an executive order prohibiting discrimination on grounds of race, religion or national origin when it came to hiring people for government-contacted jobs.
Over time it expanded to cover discrimination on grounds of gender. Who has to comply - In employment law, affirmative action laws now cover all U. Laws and policies have also been introduced to impose race and sometimes gender based quotas on university admissions. Where it applies - Although affirmative action is mandated by federal law, some states have laws that specifically ban positive discrimination and quotas.
These include California, Washington and Michigan. It is often alleged that some universities unofficially apply quotas. By reconstructing the system, affirmative action can:.
While this is still not the ideal solution to the iniquities which accompany affirmative action, it is a definite step in the right direction. The issue of affirmative action can be applied to a larger issue for the nation as a whole, namely:. Instead, a solution that will either cover up the problem or keep it from becoming larger is created and replaced as needed over time.
This is exactly what is seen with the issue of affirmative action. When it was first implemented in America, the issue of racial discrimination , as well as gender discrimination, was a large issue in the world of both employment and academics. However, instead of combating the problem and making fundamental changes to the way that society deals with and views race and gender, the United States was forced to implement a program that forced those that may discriminate in their choosing process to have a certain number of openings be filled by minorities.
As noted, when first implemented this system was not only needed but successful, however as it becomes more and more clear that the program has become outdated and needs either a major overhaul or to be shut down. The factors of lack of public empathy and general laziness have reemerged and slowed the progression to a unified solution.
Affirmative action did its job effectively and admirably, however society has shifted since it was first put into effect. This program has served its purpose and should be allowed to be retired with dignity knowing that it helped many minorities take the first step towards equality, especially during times when racism was a much larger issue that permeated into many different facets of everyday life. To combat some of the issues that currently face affirmative action, there could be some changes that make it more of an all-encompassing program: Since there are initiatives and programs that already do a job similar to these, they could merge with affirmative action and form a larger, more powerful means to help those that have risen from a troubled upbringing.
Case studies in various workplace scenarios have proven the relative ineffectiveness and unexpected results of the program. A new system that addresses the issues that are more prevalent to today such as equal opportunity for advancement of a career should be investigated. Affirmative action once made sense, but today needs to be reconsidered.
Social inequality no longer requires the dramatic oversight it once did. More attention needs to be paid to qualitative factors than simple quantitative values that are based on an archaic metric. Unfortunately, with the system that is in place in the modern era, this is not being addressed. Even if affirmative action could still work, it would need to be more sophisticated and consider more variables than simple gender or ethnicity.
These factors would have to be adjusted for demographics in whatever area they are being applied, making it a monumental challenge. Coate, Stephen, and Glenn C. Sturm, Susan, and Lani Guinier. Reclaiming the Innovative Ideal.
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Free Affirmative Action Essays - Affirmative Action is Discrimination - Affirmative Action is Discrimination Affirmative action is a plan designed to end discrimination by guaranteeing minorities will be hired, regardless of race or gender.
Essay on Affirmative Action and Discrimination - Affirmative Action and Discrimination 1. Race relations in general and affirmative action in particular have arguably been the most divisive and hotly contested issues in contemporary American politics.
Sample Affirmative Action Essay. Affirmative action is an issue closely related to cultural diversity. It affects the entire employed and unemployed population of the United States. Affirmative action continues to demonstrate that it causes more harm than good. Affirmative action was created to eliminate discrimination in the workplace. Affirmative action is one of the most controversial and important social policy decisions adopted by the United States in the past decades. Though initially employed to help address decades and centuries of economic, political, and legal subjugation of non-white Americans, affirmative action is a long-since outlived policy choice that is no longer 5/5(1).
The Pro’s and Con’s of Affirmative Action Essay The principle that all men are equal in rights and should be treated equally is the cornerstone of human rights theory, and is based on the dignity of every person. Affirmative action is a policy or a program that seeks to redress past discrimination of minorities through active measures in order to ensure equal opportunity, as in education and employment.