The first option to consider is an education campaign which could comprise of visual and radio advertising, presentations to businesses and special designated days such as 'Wall to Work day'. Compared to the high cost of significantly upgrading our public transport system, advertising is relatively low-cost and straightforward to implement.
On the other hand, it is difficult to gauge the effectiveness of such campaign in advance because it relies on individuals changing their ingrained habits.
A second alternative would be to levy a tax on parking in the city. This could be applied both to businesses and directly to consumers. While it is true that this would have immediate gains in revenue and change behaviour, taxes are unpopular and could also place unfair pressure on small businesses and individuals who do not have other transport options for work.
In my view, a multi-faceted education campaign would be the most effective starting point. In the future, a tax could be a possible option but it would be tolerated better once citizens are educated about the benefits of fewer cars and a more pedestrianised centre.
Your class has attended a panel discussion on the action governments can take to promote health and fitness among young people. Write an essay for your tutor, discussing two of the actions in your notes. You should explain which action you think is more important, giving reasons to support your opinion. You may, if you wish, make use of the opinions expressed during the discussion but you should use your own words as far as possible.
We often hear about the many benefits of health and fitness. However, less often do we hear concrete suggestions for how to improve participation rates, particularly among young people.
In this essay I will discuss two possible actions that governments could focus on in order to promote health and fitness to youth today. The first possible action is to improve physical education teaching in schools. Local students have at times complained that the curriculum is rigid and emphasises repetitive activities instead of team sports and enjoyment. Better role models and more adventurous options could lead to improved attitude and participation.
Naturally, employing specialist sports teachers would incur considerable cost. A second option would be to attempt to change the overly competitive attitudes that seem ingrained in many of the sports competitions for youngsters.
When adults such as parents and teachers focus on winning above having a good time, it puts undue pressure on the participants. They may feel a sense of failure if they lose and also be less inclined to try a new sport. To sum up, either approach would be a step in the right direction. In my view, it would be wise to prioritise dealing with reducing competitiveness first because I believe it would help young people feel better about the sports they already do.
They could then, in turn, influence their friends to join in. Your class has attended a lecture on the action governments can take to make sure cultural heritage is preserved for future generations. Write an essay for your tutor, discussing two of the priorities in your notes. You should explain which priority you think is more important, giving reasons to support your opinion. Cultural heritage is an invaluable asset for all generations to enjoy.
It is about knowing where we have come from and having pride in the place we live. In this essay I will discuss two priorities for the government's support of the cultural heritage in our community. The first idea is to increase funding to museums. People say that museums are the heart of cultural heritage preservation. Not only do they display objects, they also teach and provide information about them. Increased funding could attract better care of objects, more specialised staff and more fun displays, in turn attracting more people to visit and learn.
On the other hand, I would argue that it's unreasonable to expect governments to give more money to museums when they have got more important things to spend people's taxes on. The second idea is to protect old buildings. It has become clear in recent years that governments can no longer afford to provide generous grants to help people maintain their historically significant houses. I am sure there are many voluntary organisations which would be prepared to work on conservation projects.
Nevertheless, the government could provide protection to ensure that old buildings are not demolished or transformed out of character. In my view, the most pressing priority is to provide protective legislation for old homes and buildings.
I'm not alone in my concern about the loss of historical features which take such pride of place in and give character to our communities. Your class has been involved in a discussion on whether a dress code should be introduced at the college where you are studying. Write an essay for your tutor, discussing two of the advantages in your notes. You should explain which of the advantages you think would be most important for the college to consider in deciding whether to introduce a dress code, giving reasons to support your opinion.
We often hear that it is important for young people to be able to express themselves by what they wear. At our college, our lack of clothing guidelines has led some students to dress in a way that compromises both safety and our reputation in the community. Items of concern include ripped clothing, hoods that obscure the face, offensive T-shirts and very high platform heels.
In this essay, I will discuss two advantages of introducing a dress code at our college. The image that we present to the community is important for a number of reasons, but primarily because overly casual dress makes it more difficult to place students in homestays and on work experience.
What is the most effective way to tackle this problem and encourage children to be more active? In this essay I am going to talk about the problem of children not getting enough exercise. I will start by talking about parental influence and then I will discuss the role schools can play. Hardly a week goes by without another article on the topic of childhood obesity appearing in the media. This is clearly a growing issue which must be addressed urgently. There are a number of ways in which this problem could be tackled.
Barcelona based English Teacher, blogger and sometime actor and director. You are commenting using your WordPress. You are commenting using your Twitter account. You are commenting using your Facebook account. Notify me of new comments via email. Skip to content Image credit: Download the handout and Powerpoint below: Language for introductions In this day and age… … is a hotly-debated topic that often divides opinion. The trend nowadays is towards having smaller families.
It should be well organised, with an introduction, clear development, and an appropriate conclusion. The main purpose of an essay in the Cambridge English: Advanced (CAE) Writing paper is to underline relevant salient issues on a topic, and to support an argument with subsidiary points and reasons.
CAE Writing Part 1: A Formal Essay. This is a lesson plan to help students approach and complete the new formal essay task in the CAE writing paper. You will need the handout and teacher’s key: Plan your introduction: An interesting way to introduce the topic.
CAE writing Part 1 - Essay. by Derick Smith. The CAE written test takes 90 minutes and is divided into two parts. Part 1 requires that you write words about a . Cambridge CAE tips: Writing an Essay Essay Guidelines What is an essay? An essay is a piece of writing where you, the author, explain your position on a topic. Like all writing, it must be well-organized (into paragraphs), use proper tone (formal vs. informal), and have correct grammar and vocabulary.
Image credit: LitReactor Follow me on twitter @RobbioDobbio This is a lesson plan designed to help students tackle the CAE writing part 1 formal essay task. It walks students through structuring their essays correctly. Download the handout and Powerpoint below: formal-writing formal-writing-handout Student Handout Introduction In this day and age a worrying percentage of children are showing. CAE Exam Tips helps students pass the Cambridge English Advanced exam. Tips about the speaking, reading, writing, and listening sections. Introduction. You have 90 minutes to write two texts. CAE essays are often academic in tone, so practice of formal writing will be helpful. Letter/email.