Suppose that putting out natural fires, culling feral animals or destroying some individual members of overpopulated indigenous species is necessary for the protection of the integrity of a certain ecosystem.
Will this actions be morally permissible or even required? Is it morally permissible or even required? Is it morally acceptable for farmers in non-industrial to practice- slash and burn techniques to clear areas for agriculture? Consider a mining company witch has performed open pit mining in some previously unspoiled area.
Does the company have moral obligation to restore the landform and surface ecology? If that is wrong, is it simple because a sustainable environment is essential to present and future well-being? Or such behavior also wrong because the natural environment and or its various contents have certain values in their own right so that these values ought to be respected and protected in any case? These are among the questions investigated by environmental ethics. Some of them are specific questions faced by individuals in particular circumstances, while others are moral global questions faced by groups and communities.
Yet others are more abstract questions concerning the value and moral standing of the natural environment and its nonhuman components. In the literature on environmental ethics the distinction between instrumental value and intrinsic value meaning non-instrumental value has been of considerable importance. The former is the value of things as means to further some other ends. The EPA mission statement specifically outlines a dual mission, to limit risks to human health and to protect the environment EPA, b.
The EPA also believes that air quality objectives are for achieving and maintaining air pollution standards in order to protect human health EPA, Although the EPA considers watersheds and ecosystems in its goal, it values protecting them because they are important resources for communities and aquatic ecosystems are able to sustain flora and fauna, and, subsequently, sustain human economy, recreational, and subsistence EPA, Particularly telling is a graphic provided in the strategic plan that correlates strategic goals with USFWS customers, even though ecosystem conservation is conducted, the USWS plans solely for the benefit of its human customers As clearly stated in their mission statement and further defined in their strategic plan, the USFWS values nature for its instrumental worth and prescribes to an anthropocentric environmental ethic, centering on its human customers.
They also outline why they believe ecosystems to be important; to provide goods and services such as food, wood products, purification of air and water, regulate climate and floods, biodiversity, and aesthetics USFS, This Act requires public lands, which, incidentally, represent million acres of US land, to be managed for an energy resource, grazing, recreation, and timber harvesting BLM, a.
These mandated land management considerations all represent benefits centered on humans and reveal the BLM environmental ethic as anthropocentric, with an instrumental valuing of the environment. The mission of this agency is to understand changes in climate, weather, oceans, and coasts; share their knowledge; and conserve and manage marine ecosystems and resources NOAA, The NOAA strategic plan links human health and human economy to the health of the environment and therefore values the environment based on its ability to provide a healthy environment for humans and natural resources that build human economies NOAA, Although the NOAA values ecosystems greatly, they believe this value resides in their ability to advance and benefit humans, and as a result are instrumental values based on an anthropocentric environmental ethic NOAA, Conclusions All US policies and environmental agencies analyzed in this paper reveal a predominant US anthropocentric environmental ethic and a belief that the environment should be valued for its instrumental value.
Many of these policies and agencies recognize the importance of ecosystem as ecological wholes, but only in a way to ensure their integrity as a provider of human benefits. Although the policies and agencies analyzed in this paper do not reflect all US environmental agencies or the entire US policy towards the environment, they do represent how a large portion of the US environmental is managed, including its wildlife and aquatic organisms, forests, lands, atmosphere, waters, and coastal areas.
As such, conclusions can be drawn from these policy statements, with help from an understanding of key concepts in environmental ethics, to identify a prevailing US environmental ethic. It is important to remember that even though the policies and missions of its environmental agencies are centered on an anthropocentric ethic and that they value nature instrumentally; this does not mean that they are not devoted and consumed with protecting the US environment.
In many instances these agencies have recognized value in both natural resources and natural ecosystems and even if they are working towards sustaining humans, their actions can ultimately benefit the natural world. This paper was primarily concerned with identifying the US environmental ethic and is by no means judging the effectiveness of US environmental agencies or policies.
In addition, further analysis of environmental agency actions may provide a clearer picture of their environmental ethic and whether they deviate from this ethic is significant ways. The case for optimal pollution.
Readings in theory and application 6th ed. Reprinted from Columbia University Press The Bureau of land management: Who we are, what we do. Retrieved January 7, from http: Our Heritage, our future. Retrieved January 20, from http: GDP purchasing power parity. Retrieved January 20, from https: National policy issuance United States Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved January 7, from. Fiscal year — EPA strategic plan.
Planning, Budget, and Results. Our mission and what we do. An overview of environmental ethics. Reprinted from Studies in Christian Ethics, 7 Reprinted from Naturalizing Values New Oxford American dictionary 3rd ed. Please contact our custom service if you have any questions concerning our service. Please enter a valid e-mail address. Please enter your password. Get instant access to over , papers.
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Free Essay: Ethics is the study of what is right and wrong in human conduct. Environmental ethics studies the effects of human’s moral relationships on the.
In this class, Environmental Ethics, we have looked at a number of issues affecting the environment which are caused by humanity in its relations with the planet and other life on it. We have conducted discussions and utilized readings which were assigned to us on various topics regarding the. The words environment and ethics are not commonly found together in a sentence. However, in today's global environment, environmental ethics have become a required practice for everyone in the world. Creating effective strategies for protecting the environment often brings ethical issues to the /5(10).
Environmental ethics is the part of environment philosophy which considers extending the traditional boundaries of ethics from only including hum and to non-humans. There are many ethical decisions that human beings make with respect to the environment. ADVERTISEMENTS: Essay on Environmental Ethics! Environmental Ethics deal with issues related to the rights of individuals that are fundamental to life and well-being. These concern not only the needs of each person today, but also those who will come after us. It also deals with the rights of others living creatures that inhabit the Earth.