Marx is the founder, Engles the architect and Lenin is the builder of communism through revolution. In consolidating Sovietism of Marx, Lenin's contribution has also to be recognised. Communism is the extreme and violent form of revolutionary socialism. For a proper understanding of the communist doctrine, it is necessary to grasp the basic principles of Marxian doctrine which are — 1 materialistic conception and interpretation of history; 2 the labour theory of surplus value 3 the law of concentration of capital; and 4 class war.
Marx interpreted all historical movements in terms of the material conditions of life. The appropriation of land and other means of production for private use and profit has all through history divided society sharply into two hostile; lasses. Just as in the past the interests of the serf or landless slave peasant were opposed to those of his feudal lord, so also in the present industrial age, the interests of the capitalist class and those of the factory workers are opposed to each other. This provides thesis and anti-thesis.
The propertied class with all the means of production at their command, buys the services of the penniless working class which depends for its livelihood upon its sale of labour power. Labour, according to Marx, is the sole generator of value and what is called profit accrues to the capitalist employer simply by the process of depriving and exploiting labourers of the full value of their labour.
The result is that the profit of capitalist owner increases while the condition of the workers deteriorates proportionately. It is like the generation of positive and negative energy in the dynamo at two ends at the same time. The history of mankind is the history of this deprivation. At one stage, things become unbearable and the system bursts. In fact, in Nature it has been found that after the process of evolution there comes a stage when the tegument of the tree bursts; this follows leap or jump, like water becoming steam at degree heat a qualitative change.
This is known as Dialectical Materialism that advocates complete change at times. But the capitalistic system of production, according to Marx, carries, embedded in itself, its own seed or destruction. The growth of large-scale production leads to the extinction of small-scale producers who, unable to compete with their large-scale rivals, are ultimately driven to swell the rank of ordinary workers.
The independent artisan becomes a wage earner, and the number of disgruntled proletariat increases. Communism involves the banning of all private ownership of land, businesses etc. The ideology of Communism was created to give everyone an equal place in society, to stop the rich from getting richer from the hard work of the poor or working class.
The origin of the ideology is from the Communist Manifesto, a book originally written by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels in which they argued that all other forms of governments would collapse within themselves and Communism was the only way for a country to survive.
Lenin started the first Communist country which other countries followed becoming Communist societies. Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels who wrote the Communist Manifesto, a book about the ideology they created. Leon Trotsky, friend and second only to Lenin, he was the driving force that deposed the ruling Romanov kingdom.
Kim il Sung, started the Communist regime in North Korea. He tried to extend his power to the south resulting in the Korean War. Fidel Castro, president of Cuba. However, Socialists see change coming through a gradual adjustment brought on by social change. Communists believe that the people should rise up against the oppressors and demand a total renovation of the economic and political systems that are holding down the people.
They maintain that Socialism is merely the first step in moving from a capitalistic to communistic society. Once the socialistic changes take hold and the common people are strengthened, they will realize total equality necessitates more control. The level of control for each of these philosophies varies. Socialism, being more economically driven, believes in government, or collective, control and administration of all means of production and distribution of goods.
Private property that results in monopolies, excessive wealth, and unfair poverty should be abolished. These changes will bring about balance and cooperation. This can only be accomplished by complete government control of everything. Communism, unlike Socialism, believes there should be no private property at all and no rights to inheritance.
They also call for government control of all communication, transportation, factories, agriculture, labor and education. This extreme authority and regulation of all areas of society, they pronounce, will guarantee protection from injustice.
Communism in China - Communism is a system of government, a political ideology that rejects private ownership and promotes a classless, stateless society based on common ownership of all property and the means of production, where by all work is shared and all proceeds are commonly owned.
The Advantages of Communism Over Capitalism The purpose of this essay is to prove that Communism is a better form of economic organization, compared to capitalism. I will use the following examples of quality, employment, health care and society, to show why Communism is a better form of economic organization.
Communism had one of the greatest political impacts than any other political ideas in the 20th century around the world. What is important and interesting about communism is its background, concept, and why many countries apply to this idea. This essay will generally focus on the background. An essay or paper on What is Communism. The idea of a classless society goes as far back as the ancient Greeks, but it wasn't until the publication of the Communist Manifesto, written by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, that the modern idea of communism would actually be implemented. Communism, by defintion, is a "system of political and.
Is Communism really that bad? People in the United States have been putting down Communism for a while so I decided to look at Communism in a different way; showing that Communism can in fact be a better idea than Capitalism. The following examples will be used to attempt to show that communism 3/5(4). Communism and Socialism are two economic philosophies that are focused on the treatment and equality of all members of a society. Often, these terms are used.